Alfred Chalon was born in Geneva from a father who soon was hired as professor at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, in England. With the help of his brother John James Chalon (1778-1854), Alfred became an artist. He entered the Royal Academy in 1797, he joined the Associated Artists in Water-Colours, a group of aquarellists. Known for his portraits of the good society of London, he was chosen by Queen Victoria to paint a gift to her mother: Victoria in her State robes going to the House of Lords for her first official act, the prorogation of the Parliament, on 17 July 1837. After this task, Chalon was entitled Portrait Painter in Water Colour to Her Majesty and gained some celebrity.