Born in St. Louis, Missouri. Began painting in Barbizon style. First exhibited in 1887. 1890's, painted lyrical and Tonal cityscapes and landscapes. 1894, painted a mural depicting birth of St. Louis for Planters Hotel. One of his most well-known painting was the triptych, "A View of Saint Louis," which depicted the Eads Bridge. In 1899, with encouragement from William Merritt Chase, he moved to New York City. He had a studio there and was associated with Ash Can School. One of his masterworks was "The Plaza after Rain," which was purchased by the museum of St. Louis. He taught at Mechanics Institute of New York. 1917, he moved to Massachusetts and taught there as well.